“Los Nacionales” – Foreign Actors in the Spanish Civil War

December 30th, 2013

by Kathy Schneider

 
The cover of this month’s Church History illustrates the left’s portrayal of the Nationalist Front. The Ministry of Propaganda published the caricature during the Spanish Civil War. In the boat are all the familiar faces (clockwise from the left): Italian military as marked by the blue sash with the fasces symbol, two Moorish troops with three more below, the Nazi capitalist, and, most prominently, the cardinal who gives his blessing. “Arriba España” was one of the slogans of the Francoist forces.

In contradiction to this phrase, the cartoonist has placed Spain on the gallows. Lastly, the boat in which they travel has the words Junta de Burgos and Lisboa. Burgos is the location of the rebel government and Lisboa represents Portugal’s support of Franco. In short, the cartoonist sought to include all sources of foreign aid for the Nationalists in the hope that Spaniards would see the Nationalists and their supporters as a grave danger to Spain’s existence. Interestingly, the Church is included among the foreign supporters although the Spanish Church tended to see itself as a bulwark of traditional Spanish identity.

The depiction, as propaganda is wont to do, simplifies a complicated situation. The Spanish conflict had very Spanish roots, but was pulled into larger European events with the rise of the radical right. Both the Nationalists and the Republicans contributed to this portrayal through their generalization of a conflict between ungodly Communism versus fascism. While Hitler and Mussolini had their own interests that shaped their actions, the assistance was vital to Franco’s victory.

Annual Meeting Apps, Maps, and Resources

December 30th, 2013

by Shaun Horton
 

The annual Winter Meeting is only a few days away, and we have launched an online conference program with daily session listings, maps, and the ASCH live blog feed. You can access the program on any smart phone by following this link (asch.zohosites.com), or by scanning the QR code.

Read More…

Free Food and WiFi in Washington, D.C.

December 16th, 2013


Via Flickr (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
 

Complimentary breakfasts for Dupont Hotel guests, complimentary lunches and dinners for Society grad students, and a variety of dining options in the Washington’s Dupont Circle neighborhood.
 

Read More…

December 2013 Issue Available

November 21st, 2013


The December issue of Church History is now online. In this issue:

Martin Marty reviews Peter Brown’s Through the Eye of a Needle.

Daniel Richie looks at Irish Reformed Presbyterians who opposed slavery in antebellum America.

Kathy Schneider discusses the secular front organizations established by Catholics in the Second Republic of Spain to get around laws prohibiting schools run by religious orders.

Luke Fenwick looks at the politics surrounding the denazification of two Protestant churches in Germany after 1945.

Klaus Petersen and Jørn Henrik Petersen analyze the attitudes of Danish and Norwegian Lutherans toward the modern welfare state in the mid-twentieth century.

And George Faithful examines successive versions of the hymn “O Sacred Head Now Wounded” with an eye toward the theological and aesthetic needs of its translators’ religious traditions.

Check out the entire issue at Cambridge Journals Online.

Important Dates for Upcoming Meetings

November 20th, 2013

As we make our way through conference season, here are some dates to remember for the Society’s upcoming meetings:

Read More…

Ten Percent for Latin America

October 19th, 2013

by Todd Hartch

Ivan Illich (1926-2002)

 
In 1961 Pope John XXIII called for a massive missionary initiative in Latin America. He wanted all Catholic religious orders in the United States to send ten percent of their personnel to Latin America. This infusion of many thousands of priests, brothers, and sisters was necessary, he believed, to save Latin America from Marxism, Protestantism, and secularism. Despite a flurry of activity in 1962 and 1963, the tidal wave of American Catholic missionaries never arrived and Latin American Catholics had to fend off their religious and ideological challengers on their own. In this post I’d like to look at why the pope and the Latin American hierarchy were worried about Latin American Catholicism in the 1960s and why the “ten percent solution” failed.

Read More…

Call for Papers: FSU Religion Graduate Symposium

October 16th, 2013

February 21-23, 2014 • Tallahassee, Florida

 
The Florida State University Department of Religion is pleased to announce its 13th Annual Graduate Student Symposium to be held February 21-23, 2014 in Tallahassee, Florida.

Last year’s symposium was a huge success, allowing over 60 presenters from over 18 universities and departments as varied as History, Political Science, Philosophy, Psychology, and Classics to share their research, learn from one another, and meet many of their peers and future colleagues.

This year’s symposium will be centered on the theme “Inscribing Authority: Bodies, Spaces, Texts.”

Due to our commitment to collaborative scholarship, students from all fields with interdisciplinary interests in the study of religion and at all levels of graduate study are encouraged to submit paper proposals.

Possible topics include, but are not limited to: Authorship and Identity, Remembering and Myth Making; Practice and Ritual; Conceptions of Self; Material Culture and Food; and Acquisition of Knowledge.

Presentations should be approximately 15 to 20 minutes in length and will receive faculty responses. In addition, every year respondents select the best graduate paper to receive the Leo F. Sandon Award, an endowed award named for the Religion Department’s former chair.

Proposals including an abstract of approximately 300 words, a list of key terms, and a one-page CV should be submitted by December 8, 2013 for review. Final papers must be submitted by January 15, 2014. Please send proposals to Sher Afgan at fsureligionsymposium@gmail.com.

Thank you for your interest. We look forward to hearing from you or your students and seeing you at the 2014 Graduate Student Symposium at Florida State University.

Article Review: Tammy Heise, “Marking Mormon Difference: How Western Perceptions of Islam Defined the ‘Mormon Menace’” (Journal of Religion and Popular Culture 25:1)

September 13th, 2013

by Cristine Hutchison-Jones

 
Tammy Heise, “Marking Mormon Difference: How Western Perceptions of Islam Defined the ‘Mormon Menace’,” The Journal of Religion and Popular Culture 25:1 (Spring 2013), 82–97.

In her article “Marking Mormon Difference: How Western Perceptions of Islam Defined the ‘Mormon Menace’,” Tammy Heise argues that inaccurate perceptions of Muslims played a key role in shaping and sustaining the narrative of “slavery and defilement” that Protestant American writers put forward about the Latter-day Saints throughout the 19th century (82). Her argument is premised on the compelling suggestion that 19th-century anti-Mormon literature drew heavily on popular anti-Muslim images then circulating in American culture.

Read More…

September 2013 Issue Online

September 6th, 2013


Our September issue is out! This issue features a forum on the faith of four U.S. presidents and the ways in which their approach to religion and governance played out in American public life.

Read More…

Michael Brown Wins Raboteau Prize

August 6th, 2013

The Journal of Africana Religions has announced that Michael Brown’s African-Atlantic Cultures and the South Carolina Lowcountry (Cambridge University Press, 2012) has been selected to receive the 2013 Albert J. Raboteau Book Prize for the Best Book in Africana Religions.

Read More…